By 1900, women had made notable progress. They could vote in four states—Colorado, Idaho, Utah, and Wyoming. Many women attended secondary schools. Some went to college. Women also had property rights in many states.
Susan B. Anthony retired as president of NAWSA. Former teacher Carrie Chapman Catt stepped in as the new president. She was a brilliant organizer. She had, in her own words, a "voice like a foghorn." Catt brought new energy to the state campaigns. By 1915 a dozen states had granted the vote to women.
Other organizations also worked for women’s suffrage. Harriot Stanton Blatch, Elizabeth Cady Stanton's daughter, founded the Equality League of Self-Supporting Women. It held the first suffrage parade in New York City in 1910. The Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) also supported suffrage. So did a number of women in the growing labor movement.
No organization attracted as much attention as the National Woman's Party (NWP). Alice Paul and Lucy Burns founded this radical faction in 1913. Paul and a group of women picketed the White House. Many of them were arrested. Some went to jail.
These tactics brought attention to the movement. Not all of it was positive. Opponents claimed that granting women the vote would lead to the breakdown of society. One group opposed to women's suffrage was the liquor manufacturers. They feared women would use political power to restrict the sale of alcoholic beverages.
In 1912, some 15,000 women demonstrated by marching down Fifth Avenue in New York. In 1915, a similar march drew 40,000 people. Some women had stood on the sidelines, feeling that demonstrations were not "proper." Now they joined in. Men also offered support.